Time: 46 hours
This course covers information security principles, an area of study that engages in protecting the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of information. Information security continues to grow with advancements in technology – as technology advances, so do threats, attacks, and our efforts to mitigate them. In this course, we discuss the modes of threats and attacks on information systems. We also discuss an important area of threat mitigation that saw rapid development in the twentieth century: cryptography. Information security is concerned with user identification and authentication and access control based on individual or group privileges. The basic access control models and the fundamentals of identification and authentication methods are included in this course.
Without networks, our focus would primarily be on controlling unauthorized physical access. Instead, networks are the way we keep data in motion, making information security a more complex task. We discuss methods to design secure networks using firewalls, tunneling, and encryption, and we describe some tools to secure networks such as honeypots, network sniffers, and packet capturing. Operating systems that connect to a network must be hardened to prevent unauthorized disclosure. Methods and tools such as patching, logging, antivirus, and antimalware tools are discussed.
The last topic in this course is global privacy laws. When unauthorized disclosure or a breach of information occurs, there are adverse effects and penalties placed on individuals or organizations depending on the area of jurisdiction. Laws are diverse and vary greatly throughout the world, and we are still trying to develop laws that will protect privacy globally.
In this course, you will learn the fundamentals of information security, security threats, modes of attack, and cryptographic models. Access control, identification, and authentication are also addressed. Network security and operating system (OS) hardening are explained along with intrusion detection and prevention. The course concludes with global privacy laws.
This course begins with an overview of information security and its evolution. This first section introduces the core goals of information security; the CIA triad. Some common information security terms and processes used in the information security industry are defined and outlined. Types of controls and their function are categorized so the learner can comprehend the design of a defense-in-depth system. The unit concludes with a justification of why humans are known as the weakest link in information security and describes how security awareness training can serve to mitigate this risk. The topics in this unit are in preparation for the more detailed security topics in the following units.
Completing this unit should take you approximately 6 hours.