Unit 4: Magnetism
Earlier, we studied electric charges, potentials, and fields. We will now take a look at an important effect of moving charges: magnetism. Thales of Miletus set the stage for the scientific exploration of magnetism back in Ancient Greek times, when magnetism could only be observed via the behavior of natural magnets, called lodestones. Hans Christian Oersted first noted the relationship between moving electric charges and magnetism much later, when he accidentally discovered that an electric current could deflect a nearby compass needle in 1820. Forty-five years after Oersted made this observation, James Clerk Maxwell united electrical and magnetic phenomena into four reasonably simple equations known since as Maxwell's Equations.
Completing this unit should take you approximately 7 hours.
4.1: Magnetic Field
4.2: Magnetic Force on Moving Electric Charges
4.3: Magnetic Field of a Current-Carrying Wire
4.4: Magnetic Materials
Unit 4 Assessment