Unit 2: Some Origins of the Contemporary Justice and Rights Discourse
First, this unit will introduce you to works that have provided a foundation for the contemporary debate surrounding conceptions of global justice. The notions of justice, as based in an existing and unchanging natural order, will be contrasted with justice (and the scope of justice) as born out of necessity or utility.
This unit will also address the notion of justice as an integral part of the continual progression of human nature in coming to realize its potential. Second, you will be introduced to the inherent challenges that come with attempts to establish the legitimacy and authority of international law. Third, this unit will address the subject of a "state of nature" between states with an eye toward the place of justice within an international order based upon state sovereignty.
Completing this unit should take you approximately 8 hours.
2.1: Natural Rights, Utility, and the Crooked Timber of Humanity
2.1.1: Grotius and Natural Right
2.1.2: Hume and Utility
2.1.3: Kantian Idealism
2.2: Legitimacy, Authority, and the State of Nature among Sovereigns
2.2.1: The Legitimacy and Authority of International Law
2.2.2: The State of Nature among Sovereigns
Unit 2 Assessment