• Unit 6: Budgeting

    In this unit, we explore the components for preparing a master budget and its underlying performance schedules. Business managers create budgets to plan for future operations, create benchmarks to measure progress, and maintain necessary accounting controls. The budget process involves coordination among every department that is part of the company. Once the master budget is complete, the company can measure how actual performance compares with the budget.

    Completing this unit should take you approximately 5 hours.

    • 6.1: The Budget Process

    • 6.2: The Master Budget

    • 6.3: Budgeting in Nonmanufacturing Organizations

    • 6.4: Ethical Issues in Creating Operating Budgets

    • Unit 6 Assessment

    • Unit 6 Conclusion

      In this unit, you learned how to develop a master budget, which starts with recognizing the importance of the process and the involvement of everyone in the company. The master budget is composed of several schedules, and all of those schedules interlock and are important. A critical schedule is the sales schedule. It drives all other schedules and possibly involves the greatest uncertainty since predicting sales into the future requires assumptions about many variables. A good master budget is essential to a well-run business. In Unit 7, you will learn how to make the master budget into a flexible living document that accommodates change as it happens and promotes good managerial decisions and control.