To help answer the question about pay differences between managers and other employees, read this section. Managers have to have many skills that put them at the top of the pay scale, including problem-solving skills the average worker doesn't need.
Managers at the top, who are responsible for deciding what's good for the organization from the broadest perspective, rely on conceptual skills – the
ability to reason abstractly and analyze complex situations. Senior
executives are often called on to "think outside the box” – to arrive at
creative solutions to complex, sometimes ambiguous problems. They need
both strong analytical abilities and strong creative talents.