Diana Ayton-Shenker's "The Challenge of Human Rights and Cultural Diversity"

The first of the human rights dichotomies, and perhaps the most contentious, encompasses two apparent competing notions of human rights: universality and relativism. Do rights apply to all humans all of the time without any conditions? Or are human rights, and by extension justice, to be understood as conditional? Are rights to be understood as deriving from a particular set of circumstances such as nationality/citizenship, age, sex/gender, or cultural norms?