Wikipedia: "Restorative Justice"

Read this article, which describes key differences between retributive and restorative justice. In social and political philosophy, there are traditionally two major types of justice: distributive justice describes how status, wealth, and goods in society are portioned out and retributive justice describes punishments, penalties, and restitution for situations where someone wrongs someone else and breaks a social contract.

In recent years, retributive justice theory has been contrasted with restorative justice: retributive justice focuses on punishment and penalty, while restorative justice focuses on restitution and restoring community relationships.