Unit 6: South America
The continent of South America has diverse physical landscapes, from the Andes mountains to the tropical forests of the Amazon basin. It has an abundance of precious metals and fossil fuels in Venezuela and Columbia, while the Amazon basin is a source of lumber and, more recently, some of the largest iron-ore mines in the world. The massive plains of Brazil and the rich soils of the Pampas allow for enormous agricultural operations. Even the inhospitable Atacama region in northern Chile holds some of the world's largest copper reserves. The wide variety of climate zones allows for a diverse ecosystem, and the extremes of physical geography have created both barriers and opportunities for those who live there.
We begin this unit by exploring the diverse physical characteristics of South America. We will discover how South America's colonial legacy shaped its early cultural landscape, and how European colonialism dominated and divided the continent. Then, we will take a look at South America's unique cultural regions, and they influence globalization and trade.
Completing this unit should take you approximately 3 hours.
MapCheck: South America
6.1: Introducing South America
6.2: Urban North and Andean West
6.4: The Southern Cone