Practice Problems

Practice Problems

For problems 1 - 3, put \mathrm{f}(x)=x^{2}, \mathrm{~g}(x)=x and verify that

1. \int_{1}^{2} \mathrm{f}(x) \cdot \mathrm{g}(x) \mathrm{d} \mathrm{x} \neq \int_{1}^{2} \mathrm{f}(x) \mathrm{d} \mathrm{x} \cdot \int_{1}^{2} \mathrm{~g}(x) \mathrm{d} \mathrm{x}

3. \begin{aligned}
    &\int_{0}^{1} \mathrm{f}(x) \cdot \mathrm{g}(x) \mathrm{d} x \neq \int_{0}^{1} \mathrm{f}(x) \mathrm{d} \mathrm{x} \cdot \int_{0}^{1} \mathrm{~g}(x) \mathrm{dx} \\

For problems 5 – 13 , use the suggested u to find du and rewrite the integral in terms of u and du. Then find an antiderivative in terms of u , and, finally, rewrite your answer in terms of x.

5. \int \cos (3 x) \mathrm{d} x \quad u=3 x

7. \int e^{x} \sin \left(2+e^{x}\right) d x \quad u=2+e^{x}

9. \int \cos (x) \sec ^{2}(\sin (x)) \mathrm{dx} u=\sin (x)

11. \int \frac{5}{3+2 x} \mathrm{~d} x \quad u=3+2 x

13. \int x^{2} \sin \left(1+x^{3}\right) \mathrm{dx} \quad u=1+x^{3}

For problems 15 – 25 , use the change of variable technique to find an antiderivative in terms of x .

15. \int \cos (4 x) \mathrm{dx}

17. \int x^{3}\left(5+x^{4}\right)^{11} \mathrm{dx}

19. \int \frac{3 x^{2}}{2+x^{3}} \mathrm{dx}

21. \int \frac{\ln (x)}{x} \mathrm{dx}

23. \int(1+3 x)^{7} \mathrm{dx}

25. \int e^{x} \cdot \sec \left(e^{x}\right) \cdot \tan \left(e^{x}\right) d x

For problems 27 – 37 , evaluate the definite integrals.

27. \int_{0}^{\pi / 2} \cos (3 x) \mathrm{dx}

29. \int_{0}^{1} \mathrm{e}^{x} \cdot \sin \left(2+e^{x}\right) \mathrm{d} x

31. \int_{-1}^{1} x^{2}\left(1+x^{3}\right)^{5} \mathrm{~d} \mathrm{x}

33. \int_{0}^{2} \frac{5}{3+2 x} d x

35. \int_{0}^{1} x \sqrt{1-x^{2}} \mathrm{dx}

37. \begin{aligned}
    &\int_{0}^{1} \sqrt{1+3 x} \mathrm{dx}

39. \int \sin ^{2}(5 x) d x

41. \int \frac{1}{2}-\sin ^{2}(x) \mathrm{dx}

43. Find the area under one arch of the y=\sin ^{2}(x) graph.

Problems 45 – 53 , expand the integrand and then find an antiderivative.

45. \int\left(x^{2}+1\right)^{3} \mathrm{dx}

47. \int\left(e^{x}+1\right)^{2} d x

49. \int\left(x^{2}+1\right)\left(x^{3}+5\right) \mathrm{dx}

51. \int \mathrm{e}^{x}\left(\mathrm{e}^{x}+\mathrm{e}^{3 x}\right) \mathrm{dx}

53. \int \sqrt{x}\left(x^{2}+3 x-2\right) d x

Problems 53 – 63 , perform the division and then find an antiderivative.

55. \int \frac{3 x}{x+1} \mathrm{dx} \quad\left(\frac{3 x}{x+1}=3-\frac{3}{x+1}\right)

57. \int \frac{x^{2}-1}{x+1} d x

59. \int \frac{2 x^{2}-13 x+18}{x-1} \mathrm{dx}

61. \int \frac{x+2}{x-1} d x

63. \int \frac{x+4}{\sqrt{x}} \mathrm{dx}

The definite integrals in problems 65 – 69 involve areas associated with parts of circles (Fig. 2). Use your knowledge of circles and their areas to evaluate the integrals. (Suggestion: Sketch a graph of the integrand function.)

65. \int_{-1}^{1} \sqrt{1-x^{2}} d x

67. \int_{-3}^{3} \sqrt{9-x^{2}} d x

69. \int_{-1}^{1} 2+\sqrt{1-x^{2}} d x

Source: Dale Hoffman,
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.