- The expected value of women in social sciences is the product of the total number of women and the total number of social science majors divided by the total number of participants.
- First calculate the expected value for each cell. Then take the sum of each (expected - observed)
- Some authors think that the correction for continuity should be used whenever an expected cell frequency is below 5, but research in statistics has shown that this practice is not advisable.
- No, it would not be appropriate to use a Chi Square test in this example because each subject contributed data to more than one cell.