Practice Problems

Site: Saylor Academy
Course: BUS103: Introduction to Financial Accounting
Book: Practice Problems
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Date: Thursday, June 20, 2024, 4:30 AM

Description

Complete the practice problems. Check your answers after you finish.

Demonstration problem

Demonstration problem A 

a. Prepare the journal entries for the following transactions:

As of the end of 2010, Post Company estimates its uncollectible accounts expense to be 1 percent of sales. Sales in 2010 were USD 1,125,000.

On 2011 January 15, the company decided that the account for John Nunn in the amount of USD 750 was uncollectible.

On 2011 February 12, John Nunn's check for USD 750 arrived.


b. Prepare the journal entries in the records of Lyle Company for the following:

On 2010 June 15, Lyle Company received a USD 22,500, 90-day, 12 percent note dated 2010 June 15, from Stone Company in payment of its account.

Assume that Stone Company did not pay the note at maturity. Lyle Company decided that the note was uncollectible.


Demonstration problem B 

a. Prepare the entries on the books of Cromwell Company assuming the company borrowed USD 10,000 at 7 percent from First

National Bank and signed a 60-day non interest-bearing note payable on 2009 December 1, accrued interest on 2009 December 31, and paid the debt on the maturity date.


b. Prepare the entries on the books of Cromwell Company assuming it purchased equipment from Jones Company for USD 5,000 and signed a 30-day, 9 percent interest-bearing note payable on 2010 February 24. Cromwell paid the note on its maturity date.



Source: Textbook Equity, https://learn.saylor.org/pluginfile.php/41429/mod_resource/content/15/AccountingPrinciples2.pdf
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License.

Solution to demonstration problem

Demonstration problem A

a.

1.

2010

31

Uncollectible Accounts Expense (-SE)

11,250

 
 

Dec.

 

Allowance for Uncollectible Accounts (-A)

 

11,250

     

To record estimated Uncollectible accounts for the year.

   

2.

2011

15

Allowance for Uncollectible Accounts (+A)

750

 
 

Jan.

 

Accounts Receivable-John Nunn (-A)

 

750

     

To write off the account of John Nunn as Uncollectible.

   

3.

 

12

Accounts Receivable-John Nunn (+A)

750

 
     

Allowance for Uncollectible Accounts (-A)

 

750

     

To correct the write-off of John Nunn's account on January 5.

   
 

Feb.

12

Cash (+A)

750

 
     

Accounts Receivable-John Nunn (-A)

 

750

     

To record the collection of John Nunn's account receivable.

   

 

b.

1.

2010

15

Notes Receivable (+A)

22,500

 
 

June

 

Accounts Receivable-Stone Company (-A)

 

22,500

     

To record receipt of a note from Stone Company.

   

2.

Sept.

13

Accounts Receivable-Stone Company (+A)

23,175

 
     

Notes Receivable (-A)

 

22,500

     

Interest Revenue (+SE)

 

675

     

To record the default of the Stone Company note of $ 22,500. Interest revenue was $ 675.

   
   

13

Allowance for Uncollectible Accounts* (+A)

23,175

 
     

Accounts Receivable-Stone Company (-A)

 

23,175

     

To write off the Stone Company as uncollectible.

   

 

*This debt assumes that Notes Receivable were taken into consideration when an allowance was established. If not, the debit should be to Loss from Dishonored Notes Receivable.


Demonstration problem B

a.

2009

1

Cash (+A)

9,883.33

 

Dec.

 

Bank Discount ($ 10,000 x 0.07 X 101 / 36) (+A)

116.67

 
   

Notes Payable (+L)

 

10,000.00

 

31

Interest Expense (-SE)

58.33

 
   

Bank Discount (-A)

 

58.33

   

($ 10,000 X 0.07 X ^/ 36)

   

2010

30

Notes Payable (-L)

10,000.00

 

Jan.

 

Interest Expense (-SE)

58.33

 
   

Bank Discount (-A)

 

58.33

   

Cash (-A)

 

10,000.00

 

b.

2010

2

Equipment (+A)

5,000.00

 

Feb

4

Notes Payable (+L)

 

5,000.00

Mar

2

Notes Payable (-L)

5,000.00

 
 

6

Interest Expense (-SE)

37.5

 
   

Cash (-A)

   
   

($ 5,000 X 0.09 X 30/360)=$37.50

 

5,037.50

       

675


Self-test

True-false

Indicate whether each of the following statements is true or false.

1. The percentage-of-sales method estimates the uncollectible accounts from the ending balance in Accounts Receivable.

2. Under the allowance method, uncollectible accounts expense is recognized when a specific customer's account is written off.

3. Bank credit card sales are treated as cash sales because the receipt of cash is certain.

4. Liabilities result from some future transaction.

5. Current liabilities are classified as clearly determinable, estimated, and contingent.

6. A dishonored note is removed from Notes Receivable, and the total amount due is recorded in Accounts Receivable.

7. When an interest-bearing note is given to a bank when taking out a loan, the difference between the cash proceeds and the maturity amount is debited to Discount on Notes Payable.


Multiple-choice

Select the best answer for each of the following questions.

1. Which of the following statements is false?

a. Any existing balance in the Allowance for Uncollectible Accounts is ignored in calculating the uncollectible accounts expense under the percentage-of-sales method except that the allowance account must have a credit balance after adjustment.

b. The percentage-of-receivables method may use either an overall rate or a different rate for each age category.

c. The Allowance for Uncollectible Accounts reduces accounts receivable to their net realizable value.

d. A write-off of an account reduces the net amount shown for accounts receivable on the balance sheet.

e. None of the above.


2. Hunt Company estimates uncollectible accounts using the percentage-of-receivables method and expects that 5 percent of outstanding receivables will be uncollectible for 2010. The balance in Accounts Receivable is USD 200,000, and the allowance account has a USD 3,000 credit balance before adjustment at year-end. The uncollectible accounts expense for 2010 will be:

a. USD 7,000.

b. USD 10,000.

c. USD 13,000.

d. USD 9,850.

e. None of the above.


3. Which type of company typically has the longest operating cycle? 

a. Service company.

b. Merchandising company.

c. Manufacturing company.

d. All equal.


4. Maxwell Company records its sales taxes in the same account as sales revenues. The sales tax rate is 6 percent. At the end of the current period, the Sales account has a balance of USD 265,000. The amount of sales tax payable is:

a. USD 12,000.

b. USD 15,000.

c. USD 15,900.

d. USD 18,000.


5. Dawson Company sells fax machines. During 2010, the company sold 2,000 fax machines. The company estimates that 5 percent of the machines require repairs under warranty. To date, 30 machines have been repaired. The estimated average cost of warranty repairs per defective fax machine is USD 200. The required amount of the adjusting entry to record estimated product warranty payable is:

a. USD 400,000.

b. USD 6,000.

c. USD 14,000.

d. USD-0-.


6. To compute interest on a promissory note, all of the following elements must be known except:

a. The face value of the note.

b. The stated interest rate.

c. The name of the payee.

d. The life of the note.

e. None of the above.


7. Keats Company issued its own USD 10,000, 90-day, non interest-bearing note to a bank. If the note is discounted at 10 percent, the proceeds to Keats are:

a. USD 10,000.

b. USD 9,000.

c. USD 9,750.

d. USD 10,250.

e. None of the above.


Check your answers on the next page. 

Self-test - Answers

True or False

1. False. The percentage-of-sales method estimates the uncollectible accounts from the net credit sales or net sales of a given period.

2. False. Uncollectible accounts expense is recognized at the end of the accounting period in an adjusting entry.

3. True. The retailer deposits the credit card invoices directly in a special checking account.

4. False. Liabilities result from a past transaction.

5. True. Current liabilities are classified into those three categories.

6. True. The note has passed its maturity date and should be removed from the Notes Receivable account. The maturity value plus any protest fee should be debited to Accounts Receivable.

7. False. Discount on Notes Payable is recorded when a non interest-bearing note is issued.


Multiple Choice

1. d. A write-off of an account receivable results in a debit to Allowance for Uncollectible Accounts and a credit to Accounts Receivable for the same amount. The net amount (accounts receivable minus allowance for uncollectible accounts) does not change.

2. a. The uncollectible accounts expense for 2010 is computed as follows:

Allowance balance after adjustment ($ 200,000 X 0.05)

$ 10,000

Balance before adjustment

(3,000)

Uncollectible accounts expense

$ 7,000


3. c. Manufacturing companies tend to have the longest operating cycle. They must invest cash in raw materials, convert these raw materials into work in process and then finished goods, sell the items on account, and then collect the accounts receivable.

4. b. ;

5. c. machines is defective.

.

.

6. c. The name of the payee is not needed to compute interest expense on a promissory note.

7. c. The proceeds from a bank are computed as follows: