Read this for more on indexing.

9. Lists and strings

A string is a sequence of characters and a list is a sequence of values, but a list of characters is not the same as a string. To convert from a string to a list of characters, you can use list

>>> s = 'spam' >>> t = list(s) >>> t ['s', 'p', 'a', 'm']

Because list is the name of a built-in function, you should avoid using it as a variable name. I also avoid l because it looks too much like 1. So that’s why I use t.

The list function breaks a string into individual letters. If you want to break a string into words, you can use the split method: 

>>> s = 'pining for the fjords' >>> t = s.split() >>> t ['pining', 'for', 'the', 'fjords']

An optional argument called a delimiter specifies which characters to use as word boundaries. The following example uses a hyphen as a delimiter: 

>>> s = 'spam-spam-spam' >>> delimiter = '-' >>> t = s.split(delimiter) >>> t ['spam', 'spam', 'spam']

join is the inverse of split. It takes a list of strings and concatenates the elements. join is a string method, so you have to invoke it on the delimiter and pass the list as a parameter: 

>>> t = ['pining', 'for', 'the', 'fjords'] >>> delimiter = ' ' >>> s = delimiter.join(t) >>> s 'pining for the fjords'

In this case the delimiter is a space character, so join puts a space between words. To concatenate strings without spaces, you can use the empty string, '', as a delimiter.