Read this for more on inheritance.
Chapter 18 Inheritance
18.6 Add, remove, shuffle and sort
To deal cards, we would like a method that removes a card from the deck and returns it. The list method pop provides a convenient way to do that:
#inside class Deck: def pop_card(self): return self.cards.pop()
Since pop removes the last card in the list, we are dealing from the bottom of the deck.
To add a card, we can use the list method append:
#inside class Deck: def add_card(self, card): self.cards.append(card)
A method like this that uses another method without doing much work is sometimes called a veneer. The metaphor comes from woodworking, where a veneer is a thin layer of good quality wood glued to the surface of a cheaper piece of wood to improve the appearance.
In this case
add_card is a "thin" method that expresses a list operation in terms appropriate for decks. It improves the appearance, or interface, of the implementation.
As another example, we can write a Deck method named shuffle using the function shuffle from the random module:
# inside class Deck: def shuffle(self): random.shuffle(self.cards)
Don't forget to import random.
As an exercise, write a Deck method named sort that uses the list method sort to sort the cards in a Deck. sort uses the
__lt__ method we defined to determine the order.