## Practice With Arithmetic Operators

Practice these programming examples to internalize these concepts.

### 8. Operator Precedence

In Python, as in mathematics, we need to keep in mind that operators will be evaluated in order of precedence, not from left to right or right to left.

If we look at the following expression:

u = 10 + 10 * 5

We may read it left to right, but remember that multiplication will be done first, so if we call `print(u)`

, we will receive the following value:

Output:

60

This is because `10 * 5`

evaluates to `50`

, and then we add `10`

to return `60`

as the final result.

If instead we would like to add the value `10`

to `10`

, then multiply that sum by `5`

, we can use parentheses just like we would in math:

u = (10 + 10) * 5 print(u)

Output:

100

One way to remember the order of operation is through the acronym **PEMDAS**:

Order |
Letter |
Stands for |
---|---|---|

1 | P | Parentheses |

2 | E | Exponent |

3 | M | Multiplication |

4 | D | Division |

5 | A | Addition |

6 | S | Subtraction |

You may be familiar with another acronym for the order of operations, such as **BEDMAS** or **BODMAS**. Whatever acronym works best for you, try to keep it in mind when performing math operations in Python so that the results that you expect are returned.