Measuring Total Output and Income
6.1 Measuring Total Output
Here is a two-part exercise.
Suppose you are given the following data for an economy:
Personal consumption $1,000 Home construction 100 Increase in inventories 40 Equipment purchases by firms 60 Government purchases 100 Social Security payments to households 40 Government welfare payments 100 Exports 50 Imports 150
Identify the number of the flow in Figure 6.5 "Spending in the Circular Flow Model" to which each of these items corresponds. What is the economy's GDP?
- Suppose a dairy farm produces raw milk, which it sells for $1,000 to a dairy. The dairy produces cream, which it sells for $3,000 to an ice cream manufacturer. The ice cream manufacturer uses the cream to make ice cream, which it sells for $7,000 to a grocery store. The grocery store sells the ice cream to consumers for $10,000. Compute the value added at each stage of production, and compare this figure to the final value of the product produced. Report your results in a table similar to that given in Table 6.1 "Final Value and Value Added".