This text uses the Martin  version of Information Engineering to illustrate data-oriented design. The result of data-oriented analysis – entity-relationship diagrams, data flow diagrams, CRUD matrices, and so on – is translated into screen designs, production database designs, action diagrams, procedural structures, and security plans. Compared to other approaches, data-oriented design has a strong emphasis on security, recovery, and audit controls, relating each to data and processes in the application.
In this chapter, you will learn about the concepts and terminologies for data-oriented design, analyzing data and defining system controls, and the action diagram. The action diagram shows the processing details for an application in a structured format, which can be translated into programs and modules. You will also learn about menu structure, dialogue flow, and hardware and software installation and testing.
Data-oriented design uses data as the basis for clustering processes, building databases, and identifying potential distribution of the application. In this chapter, we continue the discussion of Information Engineering as the example of data-oriented methodology. Since IE has several 'incarnations' that differ slightly, it is important to note that IE in this chapter is consistent with the Martin , Texas Instruments , and Knowledgeware™ versions.
Source: Sue Conger, https://learn.saylor.org/pluginfile.php/236045/mod_resource/content/2/The%20New%20Software%20Engineering.pdf
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