- Read about the UN member nations' goals to eradicate global inequality. While reading about these goals, be sure to consider "extreme poverty" in a global context as well as how we might be able to address the needs of the world's population.
- Take note of the terms global inequality and global classification. Also take note of high-, middle-, and low-income nations as well as factors contributing to a nation's classification.
- Focus on the differences between relative, absolute, and subjective poverty. Write down some ideas on the cyclical impact of the consequences of poverty.
- Read about the differences between modernization and dependency theory pertaining to global stratification. On a separate piece of paper, create a compare/contrast list of each of the theories. Then, look at the list you've made and draw conclusions as to how each of these theories attempts to explain global stratification.
the state where one is barely able, or unable, to afford basic necessities
the movement (flight) of capital from one nation to another, via jobs and resources
a form of slavery in which one person owns another
dominant capitalist countries
the buildup of external debt, wherein countries borrow money from other nations to fund their expansion or growth goals
the act of people pledging themselves as servants in exchange for money for passage, and are subsequently paid too little to regain their freedom
the loss of industrial production, usually to peripheral and semi-peripheral nations where the costs are lower
a theory which states that global inequity is due to the exploitation of peripheral and semi-peripheral nations by core nations
a term from the Cold War era that is used to describe industrialized capitalist democracies
a term that describes stigmatized minority groups who have no voice or representation on the world stage
a measure of income inequality between countries using a 100-point scale, in which 1 represents complete equality and 100 represents the highest possible inequality
global feminization of poverty
a pattern that occurs when women bear a disproportionate percentage of the burden of poverty
the concentration of resources in core nations and in the hands of a wealthy minority
the unequal distribution of resources between countries
gross national income (GNI)
the income of a nation calculated based on goods and services produced, plus income earned by citizens and corporations headquartered in that country
a theory that low-income countries can improve their global economic standing by industrialization of infrastructure and a shift in cultural attitudes towards work
nations on the fringes of the global economy, dominated by core nations, with very little industrialization
the state of poverty where one is unable to live the lifestyle of the average person in the country
a term from the Cold War era that describes nations with moderate economies and standards of living
in-between nations, not powerful enough to dictate policy but acting as a major source of raw materials and an expanding middle class marketplace
a state of poverty composed of many dimensions, subjectively present when one's actual income does not meet one's expectations
a term from the Cold War era that refers to poor, unindustrialized countries
an unregulated economy of labor and goods that operates outside of governance, regulatory systems, or human protections