## Practice Problems

Work through the odd-numbered problems 1-23. Once you have completed the problem set, check your answers.

### Problems

In problems 1–3, state each answer in the form "If $\mathrm{x}$ is within ________ units of..."

1. $\lim\limits_{x \rightarrow 3} 2 x+1=7$. What values of $x$ guarantee that $f(x)=2 x+1$ is (a) within 1 unit of 7?

(b) within $\mathrm{0.6}$ units of $\mathrm{7}$?

(c) within $\mathrm{0.4}$ units of $\mathrm{7}$?

(d) within $\varepsilon$ units of $\mathrm{7}$?

3. $\lim\limits_{x \rightarrow 2} 4 x-3=5.$ What values of $x$ guarantee that $f(x)=4 x-3$ is within $\mathrm{1}$ unit of $\mathrm{5}$?

(b) within $\mathrm{0.4}$ units of $\mathrm{5}$?

(c) within $\mathrm{0.08}$ units of $\mathrm{5}$?

(d) within $\varepsilon$ units of $\mathrm{5}$?

5. For problems 1-3, list the slope of each function $\mathrm{f}$ and the $\delta$ (as a function of $\varepsilon$). For these linear functions $\mathrm{f}$, how is $\delta$ related to the slope?

7. You have been asked to cut three boards (exactly the same length after the cut) and place them end to end. If the combined length must be within 0.06 inches of 30 inches, then each board must be within how many inches of 10?

9. $\lim\limits_{x \rightarrow 2} x^{3}=8$. What values of $x$ guarantee that $f(x)=x^{3}$ is within $0.5$ unit of 8? within $0.05$ units?

11. $\lim\limits_{\mathrm{x} \rightarrow 3} \sqrt{1+x}=2$. What values of $\mathrm{x}$ guarantee that $\mathrm{f}(\mathrm{x})=\sqrt{1+\mathrm{x}}$ is within 1 unit of 2? Within $0.0002$ units?

13. You have been asked to cut four pieces of wire (exactly the same length after the cut) and form them into a square.

If the area of the square must be within 0.06 inches of 25 inches, then each piece of wire must be within how many inches of 5?

In problems $15-17, \quad \lim\limits_{\mathrm{x} \varnothing \mathrm{a}} \mathrm{f}(\mathrm{x})=\mathrm{L}$ and the function $\mathrm{f}$ and $\mathrm{a}$ value for $\varepsilon$ are given graphically. Find a length for $\delta$ that satisfies the definition of limit for the given function and value of $\varepsilon$.

15. $\mathrm{f}$ and $\varepsilon$ as shown in Fig. 17

17. $\mathrm{f}$ and $\varepsilon$ as shown in Fig. 19

In problems 19–21, use the definition to prove that the given limit does not exist.

(Find $\mathrm{a}$ value for $\varepsilon > 0$ for which there is no $\delta$ that satisfies the definition).

19. $\mathrm{f}(\mathrm{x})=\left\{\begin{array}{ll}4 & \text { if } \mathrm{x} < 2 \\ 3 & \text { if } \mathrm{x} > 2\end{array} \quad\right.$ as is shown in Fig. 20.

Show $\lim\limits_{\mathrm{x} \rightarrow 2} \mathrm{f}(\mathrm{x})$ does not exist.

21. $\mathrm{f}(\mathrm{x})=\left\{\begin{array}{ll}\mathrm{x} & \text { if } \mathrm{x} < 2 \\ 6-\mathrm{x} & \text { if } \mathrm{x} > 2\end{array}\right.$. Show $\lim\limits_{\mathrm{x} \rightarrow 2} \mathrm{f}(\mathrm{x})$ does not exist.

23. Prove: If $\lim\limits_{\mathrm{x} \rightarrow \mathrm{a}} \mathrm{f}(\mathrm{x})=\mathrm{L}$ and $\lim\limits_{\mathrm{x} \rightarrow \mathrm{a}} \mathrm{g}(\mathrm{x})=\mathrm{M}$, then $\lim\limits_{\mathrm{x} \rightarrow \mathrm{a}} \mathrm{f}(\mathrm{x})-\mathrm{g}(\mathrm{x})=\mathrm{L}-\mathrm{M}$.