## Practice Problems

Work through the odd-numbered problems 1-17. Once you have completed the problem set, check your answers.

### Problems

In problem 1, each quotation is a statement about a quantitity of something changing over time. Let $\mathrm{f}(\mathrm{t})$ represent the quantity at time $\mathrm{t}$. For each quotation, tell what $\mathrm{f}$ represents and whether the first and second derivatives of $\mathrm{f}$ are positive or negative.

1. (a) "Unemployment rose again, but the rate of increase is smaller than last month".
(b) "Our profits declined again, but at a slower rate than last month".
(c) "The population is still rising and at a faster rate than last year".

3. Sketch the graphs of functions which are defined and concave up everywhere and which have
(a) no roots.
(b) exactly 1 root.
(c) exactly 2 roots.
(d) exactly 3 roots.

5. On which intervals is the function in Fig. 12
(a) concave up?
(b) concave down?

Fig. 12

In problems 7 and 9, a function and values of $x$ so that $f^{\prime}(x)=0$ are given. Use the Second Derivative Test to determine whether each point $(x, f(x))$ is a local maximum, a local minimum or neither

7. $\mathrm{g}(\mathrm{x})=\mathrm{x}^{3}-3 \mathrm{x}^{2}-9 \mathrm{x}+7, \mathrm{x}=-1,3$

9. $\mathrm{f}(\mathrm{x})=\sin ^{5}(\mathrm{x}), \quad \mathrm{x}=\pi / 2, \pi, 3 \pi / 2$

11. At which labeled values of $\mathrm{x}$ in Fig. 13 is the point $(\mathrm{x}, \mathrm{f}(\mathrm{x}))$ an inflection point?

Fig. 13

13. How many inflection points can a
(a) quadratic polynomial have?
(b) cubic polynomial have?
(c) polynomial of degree n have?

15. Fill in the table with "$+$", "$-$", or "$0$" for the function in Fig. 16

$\begin{array}{l|l|l|l}x & g(x) & g^{\prime}(x) & g^{\prime \prime}(x) \\\hline 0 & & & \\1 & & & \\2 & & & \\3 & & &\end{array}$

Fig. 16

17. Some people like to think of a concave up graph as one which will "hold water" and of a concave down graph as one which will "spill water". That description is accurate for a concave down graph, but it can fail for a concave up graph. Sketch the graph of a function which is concave up on an interval, but which will not "hold water".

Source: Dale Hoffman, https://s3.amazonaws.com/saylordotorg-resources/wwwresources/site/wp-content/uploads/2012/12/MA005-4.4-Second-Derivative.pdf
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.