## Linear Regression

Read these sections on linear regression. Linear regression, the simplest form of regression, is used to obtain a linear relationship between two variables.

### Linear Equations

Linear regression for two variables is based on a linear equation with one independent variable. It has the form:

where and are constant numbers.

**is the independent variable, and is the dependent variable**. Typically, you choose a value to substitute for the independent variable and then solve for the dependent variable.

The following examples are linear equations.

The graph of a linear equation of the form

**is a straight line**. Any line that is not vertical can be described by this equation.

Linear equations of this form occur in applications of life sciences, social sciences, psychology, business, economics, physical sciences, mathematics, and other areas.

Aaron's Word Processing Service (AWPS) does word processing. Its rate is $32 per hour plus a $31.50 one-time charge. The total cost to a customer depends on the number of hours it takes to do the word processing job.

Find the equation that expresses the

**total cost**in terms of the**number of hours**required to finish the word processing job.#### Solution

Let = the number of hours it takes to get the job done.

Let = the total cost to the customer.

The $31.50 is a fixed cost. If it takes hours to complete the job, then is the cost of the word processing only. The total cost is: