Supply Chain Management Case Study

Read this journal article, which examines supply chain management drivers and the motivation of sustainability for manufacturing enterprise supply chains in Pakistan.

Literature Review

Green Initiatives in Manufacturing Enterprises of Pakistan

The dominated objectives of green initiative within manufacturing firms are to protect the environment. In Pakistan, the environmental consequences considered crucial element with the aim of quality products and reduce cost. The product life cycle inside environmental practices include recycling, clean production, minimize the expense of manufacturing, disposal of products, and eco-design of production. The green initiative in manufacturing enterprise emphasizes on closed-loop operations such as recycling and recuperation with the objectives of cleaner transportation, deploy environmental technology, the supply chain for pollution prevention, and reduce waste discussed in Evans et al.; Kim & Chai. The existing literature acknowledges the value of green initiatives as well as the internal capability of the firm, because internal operations depicts how the firm attain lead-time and reduced cost infrastructure that inspects in Niemann et al.; Nicolăescu et al., but the contemporary role of upstream suppliers remain disrupted. Towards ecological and environmental responsibility, the manufacturing organizations in Pakistan are continuing to implement recycling, reuse, and remanufacture used products. It reflects the sustainable role of supply chain management.

Various industries in Pakistan such as Textile, Medicine, Automotive, FMCG, and rubber manufacturing industry in Pakistan are developing waste handling prohibitions, disposition of electronic waste, and encourage incentive programs for recycling or disposal of goods Dube & Gawande; Evans et al.. According to Paul et al. investigate green product design influence the environment and some regulations to minimize wastage during the production of goods. Table 1 follows the list of companies that implement environmentally sustainable structure in their manufacturing processes.

Table 1
Sustainability Of Green Initiatives In Manufacturing Enterprises Of Pakistan
List of companies Sustainability of green initiatives
Lucky cement Waste Heat Recovery Plant–acquisition of green technology.
Reduction in CO2 Emissions–further sustainability initiatives.
Alternative fuel projects for achieving sustainability of the environment.
Nestle Total water consumption per ton of the product was reduced by 14%.
Emissions reduced by 9.8% in 2017.
Energy consumption reduced by 24% per ton since 2010.
Investments in various projects of Energy & Water savings as well as
Greenhouse gas reduction.
Tetra Pak Deployment of FSC-certified Packaging.
Developing process of recycling of Used Beverage Cartons (UBCs).
Minimization of environmental footprint towards overall value chain Process.