Supply Chain Management Case Study

Read this journal article, which examines supply chain management drivers and the motivation of sustainability for manufacturing enterprise supply chains in Pakistan.

Conclusion & Recommendations

The main objective of the current study was to provide a brief overview of supply chain management drivers and their motivation to sustainability list. It indicates that the sustainability of supply chain management reduces the ecological impact on manufacturing enterprises. Many researches have been conducted on drivers or motivators to seek how improvement in supply chain activities drives sustainability and protects the environment. Accordingly, green manufacturing, reverse logistics, lean manufacturing, recycling, and green operations can lead to excellence within the role of supply chain management. A manufacturing enterprise supply chain needs a balance between responsiveness and efficiency of organization's competitive strategy. The whole study concluded that the drivers of supply chain management included facility, inventory, information, transportation, sourcing, and pricing. Although such drivers are not closely related to sustainability, they have greater impact on organizational performance. At last, research findings suggested that the drivers of supply chain unleash the goals of green initiatives to effectively go green with the protective environment. Sustainability is a brilliant way of performing a business; and transitions toward sustainable enterprises can be made by developing innovative and constructive corporate culture. These healthy cultures would be able to create a high performance and make optimum use of the existing assets in such ways that have good economic, environmental, and social outcomes. The primary objective of the current research was also examining supply chain management drivers and their motivation for the sustainability of the supply chain. In addition, the study has focused on the mediating effect of green supply chain integration in the relationship between key supply chain drivers and supply chain sustainability. It has focused on manufacturing enterprises of Pakistan under subject investigation and its relationship with sustainability goals. A detailed literature has been reviewed critically to develop the hypothesis of the study. A questionnaire survey has been adopted to collect data from supply chain managers of manufacturing companies. Smart PLS 3 (SEM) has been used to analyze the collected data. The results of the study have shown a great deal of agreement with the proposed hypothesis. Analysis of the study has been divided into two major parts. Part one is based on an outer model assessment in which reliability and validity were examined. The second part is based on an inner model assessment in which hypotheses were tested. The first set of hypotheses (H1-H7) is about the impact of Green Supply Chain Integration (GSCI), Inventory (INV), Sourcing (SRC), Facility (FCL), Transport (TRANS), Information (INF), and Pricing (PRC) on Supply Chain Sustainability (SCS). The results of the study have revealed that Transport (TRANS), Information (INF), and Pricing (PRC) have a significant positive impact on the Supply Chain Sustainability (SCS). Whereas the second set of hypotheses that hypothesized the impact of Inventory (INV), Sourcing (SRC), Facility (FCL), Transport (TRANS), Information (INF), and Pricing (PRC) on Supply Chain Sustainability (SCS) and Green Supply Chain Integration (GSCI) approved their significant impact. According to the indirect effect, the mediation effect of Inventory (INV), Sourcing (SRC), Facility (FCL), Transport (TRANS), Information (INF), and Pricing (PRC) and Supply Chain Sustainability (SCS) on the Green Supply Chain Integration (GSCI) was significant.

The manufacturing companies should look forward to sustainability goals and protect the environment. Therefore, green initiatives within supply chain management should be effectively opted to retain environmental sustainability. The green supply chain activities include recycling, just-in-time inventory system, remanufacturing, lean production, applications of six-sigma practices, and environmental compliance embedded with product end-of-life practices, total quality environmental management, green procurement, environmentally friendly package, green design, as well as effective transportation routing. The textile and automotive industries in Pakistan are moving into an advanced era of expansion, strongly needing sustainability in the manufacturing concerns. The study described a strong motivation towards green manufacturing and green sourcing. Such aspects consider superior green initiatives to protect and secure the environment. At last, the manufacturing companies in Pakistan should adopt green operations and lean manufacturing tools to foster business processes as well as saving the environmental practices