Customer Lifetime Value

CLV puts a value on the customer relationship; thus, it is a key component in the CRM system. Knowing the customer's value helps an organization determine which customers they want to strengthen their relationship with and which ones they don't. Read this article to explore the concept of customer lifetime value and why an organization needs to utilize it in its decision-making. Focus on the methodology for calculating CLV and think about the variability inherent in each step of the calculation.


In marketing, customer lifetime value (CLV or often CLTV), lifetime customer value (LCV), or life-time value (LTV) is a prognostication of the net profit contributed to the whole future relationship with a customer. The prediction model can have varying levels of sophistication and accuracy, ranging from a crude heuristic to the use of complex predictive analytics techniques.

Customer lifetime value can also be defined as the monetary value of a customer relationship, based on the present value of the projected future cash flows from the customer relationship. Customer lifetime value is an important concept in that it encourages firms to shift their focus from quarterly profits to the long-term health of their customer relationships. Customer lifetime value is an important metric because it represents an upper limit on spending to acquire new customers. For this reason it is an important element in calculating payback of advertising spent in marketing mix modeling.

One of the first accounts of the term customer lifetime value is in the 1988 book Database Marketing, which includes detailed worked examples. Early adopters of customer lifetime value models in the 1990s include Edge Consulting and BrandScience.

Source: Wikipedia,
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