2.3 Discussion

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2.3 Discussion

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Compare and contrast the eight religions/belief systems you have encountered in this unit. A good way to start this analysis is to list each religious viewpoint and look for similarities and differences, you can also do this in a chart format. Then post your findings and the trends that are most interesting to you.

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Re: 2.3 Discussion

by asifa shaikh -
Though each religion is unique, some religions have several traits in common. For example, many religions are polytheistic, meaning that there are many gods. But, some religions only believe in one god, meaning that the religion is monotheistic. The religions also have many things that differ with each other, like the sacred text, symbol, and traditions. These qualities are what make each religion different and special.

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Re: 2.3 Discussion

by Kyla Mae Capal -

In examining the environmental ethics of eight diverse religions and belief systems, certain key principles and values emerge, showcasing both similarities and distinctions. Stewardship, emphasizing human responsibility for the environment, is a shared theme in Christianity, Judaism, and Islam. Buddhism, Hinduism, Jainism, and Sikhism, on the other hand, converge on the value of non-violence, stressing compassion for all living beings. Hinduism and Shinto stand out for their profound connection to nature, incorporating sacred elements like rivers and groves. Sikhism, uniquely, embraces ecocentrism, highlighting the interconnectedness of all life. Common to many religions are calls for sustainable practices, as seen in Hindu vegetarianism and Jewish bal tashit. Overall, this exploration unveils a mosaic of environmental ethics, ranging from anthropocentrism to ecocentrism, reflecting the diverse ways in which different belief systems approach and value the natural world.

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In reply to Kyla Mae Capal

Re: 2.3 Discussion

by Trish Kyla Rivera Caliso -
To provide a comprehensive comparison and contrast of the eight religions/belief systems, I will first list the key aspects of each and then present them in a chart format, highlighting similarities and differences.

1. Christianity: Belief in Jesus Christ as the Son of God, redemption through faith in him, and the Holy Trinity (Father, Son, and Holy Spirit).
2. Islam: Belief in Allah as the one and only God, and submission to his will through the teachings of Prophet Muhammad.
3. Judaism: Belief in one God, Yahweh, and adherence to the Torah and Jewish law.
4. Hinduism: Belief in the existence of multiple deities and the cycle of life, death, and rebirth (reincarnation).
5. Buddhism: Belief in the Four Noble Truths and the Eightfold Path, focusing on personal spiritual enlightenment (nirvana).
6. Sikhism: Belief in one God, the Guru Granth Sahib as the ultimate spiritual guide, and the importance of selfless service (seva) and meditation.
7. Jainism: Belief in non-violence (ahimsa) towards all living beings, detachment from material possessions, and spiritual liberation (moksha).
8. Confucianism: A philosophy emphasizing moral principles, social harmony, and the importance of education and personal development.

Now, let's present these religions/belief systems in a chart format:

| Religion/Belief System | Central Figure(s) | Key Beliefs | Moral Principles | Afterlife |
|------------------------|------------------|-------------|-----------------|-----------|
| Christianity | Jesus Christ | Redemption through faith in Jesus, Holy Trinity. | Love for God and others, forgiveness. | Heaven or Hell. |
| Islam | Allah | Submission to Allah through Prophet Muhammad. | Five Pillars of Islam, charity, and honesty. | Paradise or Hell. |
| Judaism | Yahweh | Belief in one God, adherence to Jewish law. | Ten Commandments, social justice. | Afterlife in the World to Come. |
| Hinduism | Multiple deities | Cycle of life, death, and rebirth (reincarnation). | Dharma (duty), Karma (actions), and Moksha (spiritual liberation). | Rebirth or liberation from the cycle. |
| Buddhism | Buddha | Four Noble Truths, Eightfold Path, spiritual enlightenment (nirvana). | The Three Universal Truths, The Four Noble Truths, and The Eightfold Path. | Nirvana (cessation of suffering). |
| Sikhism | God (Waheguru) | Belief in one God, Guru Granth Sahib as ultimate spiritual guide. | Selfless service (seva), meditation, truth, compassion, and humility. | Union with God (Mukti) or spiritual liberation. |
| Jainism | None | Non-violence (ahimsa), detachment from material possessions, spiritual liberation (moksha). | Non-violence, truth, non-possession, non-attachment, and asceticism. | Liberation from the cycle of birth and death. |
| Confucianism | Confucius | Moral principles, social harmony, education, personal development. | The Five Constant Virtues (benevolence, righteousness, propriety, wisdom, and faithfulness), respect for elders, and loyalty. | No specific afterlife belief, focus on living a virtuous life. |

Trends that are most interesting to note include:

1. The concept of an afterlife varies significantly among these belief systems, with some emphasizing heaven or hell, while others focus on spiritual liberation or no specific afterlife belief.
2. Moral principles are central to most belief systems, with love, compassion, and respect for others being common themes.
3. The role of central figures also differs, ranging from a single God (in monotheistic religions) to multiple deities (in Hinduism) or no specific figure (in Confucianism).
4. The importance of personal spiritual development and enlightenment is a common theme in many of these belief systems, such as Buddhism, Hinduism, and Sikhism.
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Re: 2.3 Discussion

by Jessica Ross -
I believe every belief and religion system are interesting in their own ways. Some have common beliefs while others oppose the norm. I love how each religion has the belief in a higher power of some degree. Whether it be one, two or six Gods it is shown that most humans have a common belief and that is the hope that their is a higher bein watching over us and who is going to accept us when we pass from this world. They are each special in their own right. Another core believe is that they all seem to have the desire for compassion and love.
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Re: 2.3 Discussion

by Renalyn Nastor -
In the eight religious systems that we have, generally, there are differences on how religions envisions towards life, on how life existed, that somehow, supported by their own Holy Scriptures and Sacred texts. Different interpretations are made on how God is the center of our life, how does it work, and how's life became meaningful. One thing in common among religions is that we put God as a center of our beliefs.