Read this section. Keep this information in mind as you head into Unit 3. Transformational leadership and organizational change go hand-in-hand. In your journal, list some connections between transformational leadership, progress, and organizations.
Transformational leaders exhibit individualized consideration, intellectual stimulation, inspirational motivation, and idealized influence.
Explain the varying approaches and behaviors that define transformational leadership
An approach to leading that enhances the motivation, morale, and performance of followers through a variety of mechanisms.
Transformational leaders challenge followers with an attractive vision and tie that vision to a strategy for its achievement. They engage and motivate followers to identify with the organization's goals and values. Transformational leadership comprises four types of behavior:
Individualized consideration is the degree to which the leader attends to each follower's needs, acts as a mentor or coach to the follower, and listens to the follower's concerns. This behavior can include the following actions:
Transformational leaders encourage followers to be innovative and creative. Intellectual stimulation springs from leaders who establish safe conditions for experimentation and sharing ideas. They tackle old problems in a novel fashion and inspire employees to think about their conventional methods critically and share new ideas. This type of behavior includes:
Leaders with an inspiring vision challenge followers to leave their comfort zones, communicate optimism about future goals and provide meaning for the task at hand. Purpose and meaning provide the energy that drives a group forward. The visionary aspects of leadership are supported by communication skills that make the vision understandable, precise, powerful, and engaging. Followers are willing to invest more effort in their tasks; they are encouraged and optimistic about the future and believe in their abilities. Behaviors that demonstrate inspirational motivation include:
Transformational leaders act as role models for their followers. Transformational leaders must embody the values that the followers should be learning and internalizing. The foundation of transformational leadership is the promotion of consistent vision and values. Transformational leaders guide followers by providing them with a sense of meaning and challenge. They foster the spirit of teamwork and commitment in the following ways:
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