There are three types of workflow layouts that managers can choose from and how office and factory facilities are approached differently. What are the criteria of creating an effective and efficient workflow and building a high standard of production?
Facility layout decisions are based on criteria aimed at creating an effective and efficient workflow and high standard production.
Outline the key considerations in facility design
Facilities is defined as the workspace and equipment needed to carry out the operations of the organization. This includes offices, factories, computers, and trucks.
The location, design, and layout of an organizations’ facilities are central to maximising the efficiency of the overall operations system.
In this unit, we’re going to focus on facility design and layout.
After choosing the facility’s location, the next stage in operations planning is to design the best physical layout for the facility. The avaliable space needs to be assessed with workstations, equipment, storage, and other amenities need to be arranged. The aim is to allow for the most efficient workflow without disruption. A workplace that has carefully arranged its layout will allow for a more effictive and efficient workflow and produce its good or services to a high standard.
There are three types of workflow layouts that managers can choose from:
Facility managers should consider several factors when designing the layout of a facility to achieve maximum effectiveness.
Office Space: An office will have different layout requirements than a factory.
Office and factory facilities are approached differently.
Factories move materials from point A to point B to produce a final products. The process uses equipment and utilities. Minimizing transportation costs may be one of the criteria of planning the layout of a factory. Another important consideration for factories in the necessity for maintenance of machinery. As such, careful consideration of enabling access to technicians is critical to ensuring minimal workflow disruptions in a scenario of updating, repairing or replacing machinery.
Offices, on the other hand, produces information. The form may be physical, electronic, or oral, but the the final result is still information. Office facility layout is harder to quantify than factory facilities layout, but the goal should be to minimize communication costs and maximize productivity.
Your industry can also influence the facilities layout design. The facility layout for service industries will differ from that of retailers and manufacturers. It all depends on organization’s needs.
Source: Lumen Learning, https://courses.lumenlearning.com/boundless-business/chapter/planning-for-operations/
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 License.