Fractional Reserve Banking

Watch these videos, which explain fractional reserve banking. Be mindful that total reserves are the checkable deposits that the public has placed in a commercial bank. Required reserves are a percentage of the checkable deposits that must remain in a commercial bank as required by the Federal Reserve. Required reserves are set by the Federal Reserve to protect banks from customers running on the bank, i.e., reserves protects a bank from customer panic. Excess reserves are a percentage of checkable deposits that a bank is authorized by the Federal Bank to lend out. Consequently, required reserves are deposits from which the banks earn a profit through the loan and repayment process.

Last modified: Friday, May 21, 2021, 4:53 PM