## Presenting Data

This section talks about how data can be presented. Attempt the exercises and check your answers.

#### LEARNING OBJECTIVE

- To learn two ways that data will be presented in the text.

In this book we will use two formats for presenting data sets. The first is a **data list**, which is an explicit listing of all the individual measurements, either as a display with space between the individual measurements, or in set notation with individual measurements separated by commas.

#### EXAMPLE 1

The data obtained by measuring the age of 21 randomly selected students enrolled in freshman courses at a university could be presented as the data list

or in set notation as

A data set can also be presented by means of a **data frequency table**, a table in which each distinct value is listed in the first row and its **frequency **, which is the number of times the value appears in the data set, is listed below it in the second row.

#### EXAMPLE 2

The data set of the previous example is represented by the data frequency table

The data frequency table is especially convenient when data sets are large and the number of distinct values is not too large.

#### KEY TAKEAWAY

- Data sets can be presented either by listing all the elements or by giving a table of values and frequencies.

#### EXERCISES

List all the measurements for the data set represented by the following data frequency table.

List all the measurements for the data set represented by the following data frequency table.

Construct the data frequency table for the following data set.

Construct the data frequency table for the following data set.

#### ANSWERS

This text was adapted by Saylor Academy under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License without attribution as requested by the work's original creator or licensor.