Glenn E. Curtis' "Russia, A Country Study: Transformation of Russia in the Nineteenth Century"

Read the following sections: "Economic Developments," "Reforms and Their Limits, 1855-92," and "Witte and Accelerated Industrialization." Note that you will need to scroll almost to the bottom of the page to find the last text. As you read, keep the following questions in mind: How did industrialization affect the Russian population in the latter part of the nineteenth century? Which social groups benefited? Which were subject to exploitation? What were the most important social groups in the late Russian Empire? What were the most important sources of conflict among them?

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