Read this section. Litigation is a complex and time-consuming activity. Before the parties even get to trial, there is a great deal of preparation that must take place in order to have one's day in court. This section discusses the preparation of documents and exchange of information that must take place in order bring a lawsuit, and covers class-action lawsuits and the process of discovery, which is an investigative process through which the parties request and produce evidence. The discovery process is important, because it allows a party to ascertain their case's strong and weak points. Did you know that 54% of corporations were charged with a class-action lawsuit in 2014? According to the Manhattan Institute, "more than one in three such companies faced multiple lawsuits." With this in mind, you'll want to learn more about class action lawsuits and how they work.