Unit 9: Alternative Models of Industrialization
After the First World War, a revolutionary government in Russia tried to create an alternative model to capitalist industrial development. The new Soviet Union accomplished massive industrial feats before and during the Second World War but at enormous cost to the environment and to Soviet citizens. In China, a successful communist revolution ushered in another experiment in socialist industrialization after 1949, first along Soviet lines and then according to the plans of Mao Zedong. After the Second World War, leaders in India and other newly independent states tried to find a "third way" of development, rejecting capitalism as well as Soviet-style socialism as pathways to industrialization.
In this unit, we will examine alternative plans for industrial development from the Soviet Union, China, and India. We will analyze the efficacy and costs of these different approaches, comparing them to the model followed by capitalist states.
Completing this unit should take you approximately 2 hours.
9.1: The Soviet Model
9.1.1: The Bolshevik Revolution
9.1.2: Economic Policy under Lenin
9.1.3: Stalinist Industrialization
9.2: Maoist Industrialization
9.2.1: The Chinese Revolution
9.2.2: Sino-Soviet Cooperation
9.2.3: The "Great Leap Forward"
- Receive a grade
9.3: The "Third Way" in India
9.3.1: India under British Rule
9.3.2: State Capitalism and the Five-Year Plan
9.3.3: Import Substitution